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JANUARY, 1913 

\J,l^^if MAn 1^ 1921 
» " 




5-//, U^ 


Game Bm 

Published Monthly 


"This little girl is a native of the State of Ciilifornia. wliich 
produces the best game birds— the Valley (Juail. " 

Picture sent by Wm. N. Dirkcs. The little girl is his daughter. 






The Game Conservation Society recommends the following 
books for Sportsmen, 

U,r(ier now, giving the date for delivery. 


By Dwight W. Huntington 

In this book all of the North American game 
birds are described and pictured. There are 
many short shooting stories, illustrations, 
shooting scenes in color and bird portraits. 

Price $2.00 


A Book for Sportsmen and Nature Lovers 

Bv Dwight W. Huntington 

Uniform with his former book, " Our Feath- 
ered Game." With sixteen illustrations from 
photographs of wild animals. 

8vo $2.00 net. 

"Certain to deliglii any sportsman ornaiuralist, and also 
that larger class of men with good red blood in their veins, 
who must hunt and have adventures vicariously." 

— Brooklyn Eagle. 
"Written by one who has not only been a sportsman 
but who knows how to tell his story entertainingly." 

— Boston Herald. 


Bv Dwight W. Huntington 

This is the first book written on the practical 
raising of wild fowl by an American for Amer- 
ican readers. It describes the breeding, migra- 
tion and food habits of wild fowl, tells how to 
breedthem wild or in caj^tivity, how to control 
their enemies and how to restore them to 
natural waters or to introduce them on artificial 
ponds. It also explains how to shoot them 
without causing them to desert. 

Special signed edition $2.00 

Library edition 1.50 



This is one of the best books on big game 
shooting ever written. The excursions cover 
a vast amount of territory from New Bruns- 
wick to Kansas, Colorado, and to British 
Columbia, which furnished the mountain sheep 
and goats. 

I'rice $2.50 


By Owen Jones, Gamekeeper 

This is an excellent book, full of instructive 
matter about the care of game birds, written 
by one who has practical experience for ten 
years. It will prove to be especially interesting 
and valuable to American readers now that we 
are going in for more game. 




By Capt. W. C. Oates 

Captain Oates has written a valuable little 
book on the breeding and management of wild 
ducks. It should be in every game library. 

Price $1.50 

Add 50 Cents to the cost of any book and we will send it, post paid, with 
The Game Breeder for 1 year, to any address in the United States. 






Survey of the Field — Report of the National Association of Audubon So- 
cieties—Field Agents' Reports— Duck Shooting for Road Houses — Well- 
to-do Pot Hunters — A Remedy for Road Houses — More about New 
Jersey — But! — A Letter From President Napier — The Amendment 
Needed— Bob-white in New York — A Good Word for New Jersey. 

Fresh W^ater Fish Culture Hon. W^. E. Meehan 

Black Bass Culture — Suitable Sites and W^ater - Hon. W. E. Meehan 
The State Game Departments — Article V, Kansas - By The Editor 
The Kansas Fish and Game Laws - - - - Prof. L. L. Dyche 

Effect of a Rational Game Law in Colorado - Hon. J. T. Holland 

What They Say _ . By Our Readers 

Breeding Wild Animals Biological Report 

The More Game States 

Editorials — New Year's Resolutions — Game Breeding in Connecticut — 

Outings and Innings — ^Trade Notes, Etc. 


Should be fed to the pheasants from the day they are hatched. To 
prevent mortality in the young flock, commence using Spratt's 
Patent Pheasant Meal. It rears strong and vigorous birds. 

We manufacture specially prepared 
foods for 




BIRDS. FISH, etc. 

Send stamp for "Dog Culture,*' which contains much valuable information, 
** Pheasant Culture,** price 25c. Picture Post Cards of Prize Winning Dogs — 
3 series — 6 cards to a set, JOc. per series. 


Pactory and Offices at NEWARK, N. J. 

Depots at San Pranclcco, C«l.; St. Louis, Mo.; Cleveland, Ohio; Montreal, Can. Res. Supt. at Chicago, III. 
New England Agency, Beaton, Mass. Paciorles also In London, England, and Berlin, Qermany. 

In writing to advertiser* please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 



MORE GAME AND HThe C^ ^ *-^ ^ T^4Ay>^A/>1A °^^ DOLLAR PER YEAR 


The Game Conservation Society, Publishers, have planned a magazine which 
will be devoted to game and game fish, "from the egg to the kitchen." A maga- 
zine for farmers, sportsmen, dealers in live and dead game, hotel-keepers, and all 
others who are interested in game either for sport or for profit. 

While propagation and the practical protection of game will occupy much 
space, there will be many entertaining stories of shooting and fishing, especially in 
places where the shooting and fishing are worth while. The magazine will continue 
to urge a reform in the game laws in States which have not amended their laws 
so as to encourage game breeding. 

Since game and game fish rapidly are becoming plentiful in many places where 
the laws have been reformed so as to encourage the industry of game breeding, it 
becomes important to know how to cook and serve these desirable foods. There 
will be a department on game cookery. 

There will be much about the gun-dogs used in taking game and also about 
the dogs used in protecting game. 

There will be a series of important articles about the State Game Departments. 
What they are doing and what they should do, will be an important feature of the 
magazine during the years 1912 and 1913. These articles will be written by skilled 
writers, instructed to tell the sportsmen and others interested just what the 
departments are doing. Needed reforms will be pointed out, and while these articles 
will be critical there will be no "muck raking," the object of the magazine 
being to aid and not to hinder, to be helpful and not destructive. 

There will be a series of handsomely illustrated articles on American Game 
Clubs and Preserves. Many interesting places have been visited by those who are 
preparing these articles, and the reader will be surprised to learn that thousands 
of quail are shot every year on each of a number of preserves, which will be de- 
scribed in early issues of The Game Breeder. 

The story of the "More Game" movement, its peculiar start, and its progress 
up to date, will be interesting to all who believe that it will prove Mr. Huntington's 
contention, that, 

"It should be an easy matter to make North America the biggest 
game producing country in the world." 

The magazine goes to several thousand men who are actively interested in 
practical game preserving for sporty and to several hundred breeders 'in the United 
States and Canada who are rearing game for profit. 




Fish breeding and angling and fish cooking will be given much prominence 
and there will be many authoritative articles on these subjects during the year. 

It is an age of specialists, and The Game Breeder will always aim to be the 
leader in its chosen field. 

Since the editors wish to keep in touch at all times with the small breeders, 
the game keepers and others who know most about game, the price of the magazine 
has been made low in order that every one may take it. 

Per Year, $1.00. Single Copies, 10 Cents 


To Our Readers : — We can furnish any book published and we shall be glad 
to do so. By purchasing from The Game Conservation Society you will aid the 
"More Game" cause. A book and The Game Breeder for the year make a handsome 
present. Add 50 cents to the cost of any book and we will send it with the 
magazine anywhere in America. For Canada and Foreign Countries add 75 cents. 


Send us $1.00 and we will send the Game Breeder to any person in the United 
States for one year. We will send also a card stating by whom the subscription 
is paid. You can help the " More Game " cause by using the magazine as a gift. 


We will send any book published and the magazine for one year upon receipt 
of the price of the book and fifty cents additional. A card will be sent on request 
with the book stating the name of the sender. 

150 Nassau Street, . - - - NEW YORK 






T^! Game Breeder 




Report of the National Association of 

Audubon Societies. 

The eighth annual report of the Na- 
tional Association of Audubon Societies 
is interesting and instructive. The 
cover is adorned with a very pretty 
photograph of a little girl with a lap 
full of young quail. 

The secretary of the association says 
the eighth year of the life of the asso- 
ciation has been attended with a strong 
continuance of that rapid growth which 
has ever marked its history. Eight 
assistants are now needed to handle 
the oftice work and forty-one wardens 
are employed to guard from feather- 
hunters and eggers the colonies of wa- 
ter-birds threatened with extinction. 
The birds in most of the colonies have 
had a prosperous year despite the 
starvation of young on some of the 
Maine islands, due to the failure of 
food-supply, and the loss of eggs and 
young in some of the Southern heron 
colonies, caused by wind-storms. The 
birds which are primarily receiving the 
benefit of ' the wardens' watchfulness 
are : White and brown pelicans, her- 
ring, western and laughing gulls, com- 
mon, Arctic, Caspian, royal, cabots 
and least terns, puffins, cormorants. 
guillemt)ts, egrets and other herons ; 
grebes, gallinules, rails, geese and va- 
rious species of ducks. The secretary 
estimates that from one to two million 
birds inhabited the protected areas 
during the past year. 

It is interesting to sportsmen to 
learn that the breeding places of some 
of the wild food birds are protected. 
Since these birds are migratory they 
will continue to afford sport and food 
for those who cnjov wild-fowHnu'. 

The .Audubons will be interested to 
learn that millions of upland game 

birds now are given practical pro- 
tection by members of the Game Con- 
servation Society and readers of "The 
Game Breeder." While the Audubon 
Association saves many sporting birds 
on areas devoted to the practical pro- 
tec4;ion of pelicans, gulls, herons and 
terns, the Game Conservation Society 
saves thousands of song and insecti- 
vorous birds on reservations devoted 
to the practical protection of upland 
game. The two associations work in 
perfect harmony. Many millions of 
land and water birds are safely hatched 
and reared every year. 

Reports of Field Agents. 

Not the least interesting matter in 
the Audubon Association's report is 
the reports of the field agents. For- 
bush, of New England ; Katherine H. 
Stuart, of Virginia ; James H. Rice, 
Jr., of South Carolina; Francis Har- 
per, O'Kefenoke Swamp, Georgia ; Dr. 
Eugene Swope, Ohio ; Jefferson But- 
ler, Michigan ; W'm. Lovell Finley, Pa- 
cific Coast States ; G. Willett, St. La- 
zaria Reservation, Alaska, have inter- 
esting reports about the conditions in 
their localities and about the work be- 
ing done. 

Duck Shooting for Road-Houses. 

The Audubon field agent for Michi- 
gan says : The first work of your 
field agent was to investigate reports 
that came in last winter, as they had 
in former winters, that wild ducks 
were shot at the air-holes in the ice 
in Lake Erie, the Detroit River, Lake 
St. Clair, and the St. Clair River, and 
disposed of to hotels and road-houses 
along the Detroit River. These road- 
houses make a specialty of providing 
game out f)f season. Our game-ward- 



ens evidently have been unable to 
cope with the situation. A number 
of these road-houses are along the 
Canadian shore, and it has not been 
possible to get the Canadian officials 
to interfere, because they claim that 
such game sold in Canada out of season 
comes from the American side, so the ' 
Canadian law is not broken, 

Well-to-Do Pot Hunters. 

After studying the situation the 
Michigan field agent says : I decided 
to organize those who would give ef- 
fective aid. Some of these men who 
engage in pot-hunting are well-to-do, 
with good reputations, who own their 
own l^omes in Detroit. On this ac- 
count I found it impossible to get 
those interested in acting with me to 
permit of any publicity in the matter 
because these pot-hunters are their 
old-time friends. A plan is being 
framed whereby we expect to be able, 
with the co-operation of the Canadian 
authorities, to abolish this shooting. 

A Remedy for Road-Houses. 

While the Audubon Association is 
busy in the laudable effort to stop 
illegal shooting the Game Conserva- 
tion Society will also be busy provid- 
ing a remedy for the road-houses. 
There are thousands of worthless 
marshes containing small ponds, 
sloughs and streams, in the region re- 
ferred to, and some of these should be 
occupied by game breeders who easily 
and inexpensively can produce all the 
wild ducks the road-houses can use, 
and at the same time the Detroit and 
other Michigan markets can be kept 
full of this desirable food. 

The Canadian Club and many Michi- 
gan clubs control excellent marshes 
where the shooting is good, but this 
shooting will be much better when 
game breeding is undertaken, as it 
soon will be. Our Michigan readers 
are expressing a decided interest in 
this subject and by the time the Audu- 
bons get the illegal shooting for road- 
houses stopped we believe the game 
breeders of Michigan, including some 
of the road-houses, will produce all 
the wild fowl the people can eat. They 

should all have "Our Wild Fowl and 
Waders," the book which tells how to 
profitably breed ducks, geese, snipe 
and wood-cock. This is supplied by 
the Game Conservation Society, pub- 
lishers of "The Game Breeder." 

More About New Jersey. 

Last month the president of the 
New Jersey Fish and Game Commis- 
sioners wrote that the New Jersey 
laws permitted the bringing of game 
into the State. He cited page 42 of 
the New Jersey laws, which we print- 
ed, and now re-print: 

1. Whenever by the laws of any other 
State or country it shall be lawful to take 
out of the confines of the said State or 
country any game, whether the same be fowl 
or animal, it shall be lawful to bring such 
game within the State of New Jersey; pro- 
vided, however, that nothing herein contained 
shall permit the sale or exposure for sale of 
any such game. Any person violating the pro- 
visions of this act shall be liable to a penalty 
of twenty dollars for each fowl or animal sold 
or exposed for sale. 

Approved April 13, 1908. 

For the benefit of many new sub- 
scribers who did not see the last num- 
ber of "The Game Breeder," the case 
to which this refers was as follows : 
A member of the Game Breeders' As- 
sociation which legally owns and rears 
game in New York State attempted 
to take two pheasants from the game 
farm to his home in New Jersey. He 
was arrested and taken to a distant 
court and fined excessively. Since it 
was late he settled and went* home. It 
seemed, from the letter from the com- 
missioner printed last month, that the 
arrest was illegal ; it is evident from 
the law he cited that he could legally 
bring home his food: 


But there is another law in New 
Jersey, which, it seems, is intended to 
regulate the food after it is legally 
brought home. Briefly, this law pro- 
vides that one must be fined $20 and 
costs for each bird legally brought 
into the State, because it is "in pos- 
session" ! Arresting officers have de- 
cided that the food is intended for 
them, and that it was a mistake for 
the owner to think the payment of 



$20 and costs would entitle him to eat 
his food. The president of the New 
Jersey Commissioners (like most other 
game officers in America and Canada) 
is on the paid subscription list of ",The 
Game Breeder." He is a friend of the 
magazine and the paper is his friend, 
of course. He promised promptly to 
bring the case of the arrested breeder 
before his board on the 12th. But he 
found this would be useless. His let- 
ter follows : 

Editor, "The Game Breeder" : 

I have \-our letter of December 16th, and 
beg to advise you that ]Mr. Lawton was not 
arrested and punished because he was bring- 
ing game into the* State of New Jersey, as I 
was informed in your first communication, 
but because he had in his possession, when 
apprehended by the warden, two English hen 
pheasants, and our law approved February 
28th. 1912. reads as follows: 

"It shall be unlawful for two years from 
the passage of this act to capture, kill, injure, 
destroy or have in possession any female 
English or ring-neck pheasant, under a pen- 
altv of twenty dollars for each offense." 

This fine was paid and sent into the State 
Treasury before this office knew of any pro- 
test whatever having been made. This gen- 
tlemen had the right to appeal his case from 
the decision, of, the court imposing the pen- 
alt)', and no action on this case was taken 
before the Beard at its meeting held Decem- 
ber 10th. 

Respectfully j-ours, 

Ernest Napier, 

Our readers will see that it is 
through no fault of the honorable com- 
missioners that people who legally 
bring food into New Jersey are ar- 
rested because they have it "in pos- 
session." It is up to them to see 
that they do not "possess" it after 
they bring it in. This results in a 
little legerdemain, which is practiced 
by many New Jersey residents. The 
quicker they get their food inside of 
them and the feathers destroyed the 
sooner they may be held to be not in 
possession, for no one can say that a 
pheasant is a pheasant when it has 
been digested. 

The point we wish to emphasize is 
that if a New Jersey man who breeds 
game in another State may legally 
bring it into the State as the commis- 
sioner says, but that after he does he 
must be fined excessively because he 

has it "in possession," how would a 
licensed iNlevv Jersey game breeder fare 
after he had paid his license and had 
produced some food if the same arrest- 
ing officer should discover that he had 
it "in possession." This is what is 
known as a conflict in the laws, we 

People who have discussed this im- 
portant case of game preservation have 
been heard to say that New Jersey 
is not a desirable place of residence. 
People who are arrested passing 
through the State because they have 
improper fish hooks in their satchels,* 
can travel around the State by other 
railways. What we insist is that the 
commission is an honorable body of 
men created to execute the laws as 
they find them and they are doing a 
lot of good for the "more game" cause, 
represented by the magazine, when 
they arrest breeders of game food. 
A prominent judge, a game breeder, 
recently telephoned to the office of "The 
Game Breeder" that one or two more 
cases like those in New Jersey would 
soon result in some common sense 

*See the Fish Hook case reported by Field 
and Stream and by "The Game Breeder" last 

The Amendment Needed. 

The New Jersey legislature should 
enact our simple game breeders' law ; 
the form can be had cm application. 
Briefly it provides that game breeders 
may secure a license to breed any 
species of game or game fish and that 
they may have it in possession, may 
ship it or sell it, provided it be identi- 
fied as provided by the commission. 
In Colorado the breeders use invoices ; 
in New York tags are used. The pro- 
posed law provides that game legally 
produced may be brought into or taken 
out of the State under regulations 
made by the game commission. It is 
fair to say Xew Jersey provides now 
for the profitable breeding of three 
species of game food upon the pay- 
ment of a $2.^ license, but how would 
the breeder fare if he had it "in pos- 



Bob White in New York. 

The superintendent of the New York 
Zoo, editor, or perhaps we should say- 
chief editorial writer, . of Field and 
Stream, says, under the heading, "Edi- 
torial" in the January number of that 
publication : 

The bob white quail is a great destroyer of 
the seeds of noxious weeds. In our fauna he 
has no equal. And yet this fact is ignored. 
Throughout the North and most of the South 
that species is mercilessly shot, and as a re- 
sult it is fast becoming extinct. In New 
York State it will soon be as extinct as the 
mastodon unless given a ten-year close season 
at once. Its value as a plentiful game bird is 

The quail now are tremendously 
abundant in many places. North and 
South. It is an easy matter to keep 
them plentiful in places where the 
shooting is excellent. We know places 
where thousands of these food birds 
are safely shot every season. The 
quail are doing well in many places 
in New York. Within a few miles of 
the City of New York eleven covies 
were flushed one day last week by two 
of our readers who enjoyed some good 
shooting. Other readers recently pur- 
chased quail for introduction in New 
York, and, since the price is now 
from $20 to $25 per dozen, the birds 
undoubtedly will be properly looked 
after, provided it be not made a crime 
to do so. 

If the sportsmen of New York wish 
to prohibit quail shooting for ten years 
the law should exempt those who own 
quail and look after them properly. 
It is true that these birds are extinct 
in many places, but it is equally true 
that a prohibitive law will not restore 
them. Those who enjoy eating quail 
should not be sent to jail because they 
keep their birds plentiful and shoot 
and eat them. 


By Peter H. James. 

_ [It was not our intention to severely criti- 
cise the commission unless it favored the 
arrest of citizens bringing home food legally 
taken in another state. — Editor.] 
Editor "The Game Breeder": 

My attention has been called to the 
December issue of "The Game 

Breeder" wherein the New jersey Fish 
and Game Commission is severely criti- 
cised because of the arrest of persons 
having attempted to remove game from 
the State contrary to the New Jersey 
law, the arrest having been made by 
the warden in the belief that it was 
New Jersey game being so removed. 

In all fairness to the commission 
I beg to advise that I have on numer- 
ous occasions represented hunters be- 
ing charged with the violation of the 
New Jersey game laws and I have par- 
ticularly in mind a very recent case 
wherein I represented two gentlemen 
who had been arrested under the above 
circumstances and although they were 
arrested as they were about to leave the 
State with game in their possession and 
found guilty of a violation and the time 
for appealing the same under our laws 
had about expired before I was retained, 
it was therefore incumbent upon me to 
take prompt and decisive steps to pro- 
tect the interests of my clients before 
they would have lost their remedy, I 
therefore immediately got in communi- 
cation with these same cornmissioners 
on the long distance telephone at Tren- 
ton and the commission at once sent 
their chief warden, James M. Stratton, 
to investigate the case. The result of 
the investigation was that the board 
ordered prosecution in these cases drop- 
ped, which was entirely satisfactory to 
me and my clients. This is only one 
of the many similar instances wherein 
immediately any unjust action is taken 
by a warden or a justice of the peace 
before whom an arrest is pending, if 
the matter be properly presented to the 
commission, they will always investi- 
gate and see that no injustice is done 
any citizen. 

I am prompted to write you the 
above as an act of justice to the com- 
mission, whom in private practice at 
the law and during the several years 
'that I have been a member of the 
New Jersey legislature coming almost 
in daily contact with the members of 
said commission, I have always found 
them to be fair and just in the enforce- 
ment of the fish and game laws. 

The board adjusted the case last be- 
(Continued on page 120) 




W. E. Meehan. 

Ex-Commissioner of Fisheries of Pennsylvania; Superintendent of the 
Philadelphia Fairmount Park Aquarium. 

Copyright 1913 by W. E. Meehan. 

Fish culture for commercial pur- 
poses dates back to ancient times. Lu- 
cullus, the famous Roman emperor, 
general and epicure, along with other 
Roman patricians of his day, cultivated 
fish in ponds for their own use and 
for the market. Hundreds of years 
before this the Chinese reared fish by 
gathering naturally deposited spawn 
and hatching it in ponds. Pond cul- 
ture for carp was practiced in Ger- 
many during the Crusades; but fish 
culture by the so-called artificial ex- 
pression of the eggs from the female 
was not discovered in Europe until the 
latter part of the fifteenth century, and 
not put into pracical use until between 
1840 and 1850. The science was in- 
troduced into the United States in 

All forms of fish culture are nothing 
more than an intelligent assistance to 
Nature, by the conservation of what 
would otherwise be a huge waste. Of 
the thousands and sometimes millions 
of eggs given a single fish it is rare 
that more than ten per cent, of those 
deposited under natural conditions are 
hatched; usually it is much less. It is 
the aim of the fish culturist to hatch 
from seventy to ninety per cent, of the 
total number, and by the adoption of 
certain protective measures start a 
larger percentage of infant fish to- 
wards maturity than it would be pos- 
sible for the parent fish to do. 

At present most of the fish cultural 
work in this country is done by the 
National Government and by the 
States. A number of sportsmen's or- 
ganizations are engaged in fish cultural 
work, and some private individuals 
carry it on as a commercial enterprise. 
Recently, however, there are signs of 
an awakening interest among the peo- 
ple in fish culture for profit. Pioneers 
have reduced fish culture to a scientific 

basis, and in somie lines the business 
presents as few risks as in any other 
form of live stock raising. The out- 
look is that in a few years there will 
be as many persons engaged in fish cul- 
ture as there are now in bee culture 
or chicken farming. 

Fish culturists employ three methods 
of rearing fish. There are pond cul- 
ture, trough and tray culture and jar 
culture. Fish from which, for unknown 
reasons, the eggs cannot be pressed, 
and fish which can deposit their own 
eggs and fertilize them as well as man 
can by his methods, are reared by pond 
culture. Where fish eggs are large 
and heavy and not easily moved by 
hatchery water currents, the trough 
and tray culture is employed. Where 
fish eggs are light and procurable in 
vast abundance jar culture is resorted 
to. Among the fish handled by pond 
culture are bass and cat fish ; by trough 
and tray, the trouts, and by jar cul- 
ture, the shad and white fish. It is by 
the last two that the National Govern- 
ment and the States secure their vast 
annual outputs of fish. By pond cul- 
ture hundreds of thousands of a single 
species are given life annually ; by 
trough and tray, millions are produced, 
and by jar work hundreds of millions. 

Black Bass Culture — Suitable Sites 
AND Water. 

Both the small and the large mouth 
bass may be propagated for commer- 
cial and sporting purposes. The first- 
named is more generally desirable in 
the northern part of the United States. 
It is the true black bass, the mighty 
king of fresh water fishes, is also the 
more difficult of the two species for 
the fresh water fish culturist to handle. 
Comparatively little t'-ouble has been 
encountered in the cultivation of the 
large mouth bass, but to produce sue- 



cessfully at reasonable cost a fair sup- 
ply annually of small mouth bass has 
been, and still is, an undertaking pre- 
senting some difficulties. 

Nevertheless, black bass culture, 
both large and small mouth, may fair- 
ly be said to be beyond the experi- 
mental stage ; yet positive success or 
failure often depends on the water tem- 
perature during the breeding season. 
Apart from this one condition, which 
fish culturists have not yet been able 
to wholly overcome, black bass cul- 
ture may be carried on with fair pros- 
pect of satisfactory returns. 

When the propagation of bass was 
first undertaken, it was speedily dis- 
covered that it was impossible for man 
to express eggs and milt artificiall}'- 
from the ripe female and male. The 
handling of a ripe bass produces a 
nervous condition which prevents the 
ejectment of the eggs and milt. This 
has been demonstrated most conclu- 
sively. It affects even a fish taken from 
the nest in the act of spawning. The 
nervous condition is so pronounced 
that after being replaced in the water, 
spawning is apparently impossible. 

When fish culturists, as a body, be- 
came convinced that it was impossible 
to take eggs from bass in the same 
manner as from trout, they were 
driven to revive the primitive methods 
of the ancients by resorting to pond 
culture ; that is to say, to build bodies 
of water in which the fish would nat- 
urally spawn and hatch their young. 

Three conditions are necessary as a 
basis towards successful cultivation of 
small mouth bass : a favorable site, 
properly constructed ponds, and suita- 
ble water. Nearly all other problems 
which may and will arise, however 
important, are either subordinate or se- 

When seeking a site for bass ponds, 
the question of a decided pitch in the 
ground, although desirable, is not vital. 
It is only necessary to have sufficient 
for complete drainage. A relatively ex- 
pansive area of ground is required if 
many thousand young fish are desired. 
Unless operations are to be conducted 
on a small scale at least twenty-five 
acres is essential. A pond of about 

half, or three-quarters of an acre can- 
not be expected to yield more than 
one hundred thousand young fish, even 
with a suitable number of accompany- 
ing fry ponds. Indeed, not more than 
fifty thousand or sixty thousand could 
ordinarily be expected. 

While a decided pitch in the ground 
is not essential the character of the 
soil is. Ground nearly level, or with a 
natural tendency to a gradual slope 
does not present any serious problem 
in bass pond building, as a proper in- 
flow and drainage are the chief points 
involved. But unsuitable soil or sides 
and bottoms is sure to be a perpetual 
source of trouble and anxiety. 

One of the natural environments of 
the small mouth bass is a gravelly or 
rocky bottom, and when a mature fish 
seeks a site for a nest it almost in- 
variably selects one or the other. 
Hence the first thought would be to 
choose a stony or gravelly soil ; but 
this is about the last selection the 
experienced bass culturist will make 
if he can avoid it. A clean, firm soil, 
as free as possible from either material 
is what is desired. 

His first choice would probably be 
heavy clay, through which water can- 
not percolate, and if that were not ob- 
tainable, he would choose a spot where 
the bottom can be made water tight by 
puddling it with clay. A stony or 
gravelly bottom is not desirable, at 
least for breeding ponds, because the 
fish culturist cannot have absolute con- 
trol over his brood fish. In a pond 
with such a bottom it would be im- 
possible to force the fish to use arti- 
ficial nests, whereas artificial nests are 
important for the reason that they are 
the only kind which the culturist can 
have under perfect control. In gravel- 
ly or rocky bottoms small mouth bass 
will steal their nests and cause endless 

Mucky ground for small mouth bass 
breeding should be avoided, because in 
moving about the fish are apt to keep 
the water muddy, thus preventing fre- 
quent observation, a very important 
feature in bass culture. 

Incredible though it may seem, it 
is yet a fact, that often the most de- 



sirable site for a bass cultural estab- 
lishment is where pond construction 
may be difficult ; for example, a swamp 
adjoining a stream, or a lowland beside 
a river, but such sites must be ex- 
amined very minutely, for there may 
be some features which will render 
them unavailable. Swamp land is 
worthy of very favorable considera- 
tion, because while the surface soil is 
apt to be wet and soggy, the immedi- 
ate underlying material is likely to be 
clay or heavy loam, impervious to 
seepage. On the other hand, swamp 
land in nearly every instance will be 
found to have some bad places, as 
gravel spots and deep soft muck holes. 
On the size and character of the 
gravel spots and the extent and depth 
of the muck holes must rest the avail- 
ability of the property for the purposes 
of bass ponds. If a muck hole be of 
any considerable depth, a pond cannot 
be built over it. 

In all swamp lands there is nearly 
always much .underlying material 
known as hard pan, which renders 
pond construction slow, hard, expen- 
sive work, but when once built the 
ponds give the owner and the work- 
men the greatest satisfaction and the 
least trouble. 

As bass, both large and small mouth, 
naturally inhabit warmer waters than 
trout, it follows that water for a bass 
cultural plant in the Northern States 
must not be directly from a spring, 
neither may it be of low tempera- 
ture. River, stream or lake water 
which, during the spawning season, 
will not fall below 55 degrees, prefera- 
bly 60 degrees, and which only be- 
comes muddy after exceptionally 
heavy storms, and then for a short 
time only, is necessary. During the 
breeding season higher temperatures 
than those named and water perpetu- 
ally clean are very much to be de- 

Water having a lower temperature 
than 55 degrees during the spawning 
period must be rejected, even though 
the site be otherwise suitable, because, 
when the temperature drops below 55 
degrees bass will stop the construc- 
tion of nests ; at 50 degrees they will 

not spawn, and at 45 degrees the eggs 
and fry will die. 

A great volume of water is unneces- 
sary, although it is desirable, since 
it insures conditions against any fear 
of a shortage, even in the severest 
drought. Under ordinary circum- 
stances 500 gallons of water a minute 
will be ample to operate an extensive 
plant, but whatever the volume, it is 
of the utmost importance that it be 
under complete control. A fish cul- 
turist who cannot regulate his water 
supply is likely to lose two-thirds of 
his chances for successful work. There 
are times when inability to control it 
means the inevitable loss of every egg 
and fry in the breeding ponds. In 
the more northern latitudes it often 
happens that for many days at a time 
about the beginning of the spawning 
period the nights will be cool, and 
it is necessary either to reduce the 
water supply or shut it off altogether, 
so that during the day the sun's rays 
will elevate the temperature to the 
very highest possible point, and thus 
hold it in safe bounds during the hours 
of darkness. 

Water that becomes roily through 
storms is not objectionable, provided 
it is not continued too long or be of 
too frequent occurrence, especially 
while the nests contain eggs. For a 
short time muddy water has no per- 
ceptible effect on fry, or advanced fry, 
and is beneficial to mature fish. 

Geo. S. Brown, Norwich, Conn., wrote : 
"You are doing good work. Keep it up." 

C. T. Wilke. Glastonbury, Conn., wrote: "I 
wish to declare for the 'good sense movement.' 
Of late I find myself preaching 'more game* 
at every opportunity." 

J. M. Hammond, Milltown, Ind., wrote: 
"Long may you give the good advice how to 
have plenty of game, as it is right. There 
will be no more game under present laws, but 
it will get scarcer every year. The farmer 
must have the right to sell birds before he 
will take any interest in them." 

Wallace Evans, Oak Park, III., wrote: 
"Your scheme of game protection or game 
increase is with a few exceptions, exactly in 
accordance with my own ideas." 

Prof. T. Gilbert Pearson. Secretary of the 
National .^ssociatioi. of .Audubon .Societies, 
said in an interview that there would be no 
opposition to our breeders' law. 




Article V. Kansas. 

By The Editor. 

Kansas is naturally one of the best He informs us, in a communication 

States in the Union for prairie grouse, printed below, that he made the plans 

It has become, also, a good State for for the largest and best equipped pond 

quail since the prairies have been, fish hatchery in the country, 

planted with grain. Kansas is an agricultural State, and 

In the Amateur Sportsman, many we believe a law permitting the farm- 

of our readers will remember, I print- ers to profitably breed prairie grouse 

ed letters from readers in nearly every and quail would result in making these 

county in Kansas, giving accounts of desirable foods tremendously abundant 

the uniform disappearance and, in and cheap in Kansas, provided the 

many counties, of the extirpation of commissioner would issue some bul- 

the grouse. Some of the writers re- letins telling the farmers how to prop- 

ferred to the great abundance of quail erly look after the birds and to pro- 

in their counties ; others deplored the tect them from their natural enemies, 

fact that the farms to a great extent Sport need have nothing to fear, since 

were posted against sportsmen. syndicates of sportsmen always can ar- 

In "The Game Breeder" last month range with the land owners for the 

the great loss of quail throughout the right to shoot. 

State during the winter of 1911-12 and There is no danger of the land all 

the draining of McPherson basin, one being preserved by sportsmen or farm- 

of the best duck shooting grounds in ers ; the area is too big. It is well 

Kansas, were reported. known that game birds "overflow" 

The State Game and Fish Depart- from places where they become abund- 
ment is in charge of a State fish and ant and that they quickly restock the 
game warden. Professor Dyche, a bi- surrounding country. There is always 
ologist of ability, who knows, of fair quail shooting in the vicinity of 
course, why the game and game fish all of the quail clubs, and it was after 
must continue to vanish so long as enjoying a good day with the quails 
these foods are taken for sport, pro- outside of a preserve near New York 
vided the supply of game and game that the writer became thoroughly con- 
fish be not kept up in some way. verted to the more game movement. 
Heretofore Kansas has relied on re- The quail are in no danger of extinc- 
strictive laws, shortening the season, tion on many grounds near New York 
limiting the bag, preventing sales -and and never will be until laws are enact- 
export, etc., and it must be evident to ed making it not worth while to look 
those who are familiar with the causes after them properly. They are tre- 
which regulate Nature's balance, either mendously plentiful in many places in 
that the restrictions must be increased the South where there are big quail 
as the number of guns is increased or preserves in charge of competent game 
game breeding must be encouraged, keepers. Although thousands of quail 
As the farms are being posted more are shot every year on some of these 
and more and as marshes are drained places, the birds remain plentiful. I 
the shooting area becomes smaller and have seen more quail on the grounds 
smaller and the guns become far too of a quail preserve just after 1,800 had 
numerous for the game supplied nat- been shot than I ever saw in Kansas 
urally. on a similar area, when quail were most 

Professor Dyche has given much at- plentiful in Kansas, 

tention to the restoration of the food The abundance of any food birds is 

fish and has published a number of evidenced by the market. The State 

bulletins about the breeding of fish. Game Department of Kansas, like 



other State departments, should repre- 
sent all of the people ; those who own 
the game lands and those who would 
eat the desirable game as well as those 
who would take it for sport. From 
an economic point of view the food 
question is more important than sport, 
and Kansas easily might keep her mar- 
kets full of cheap game. 

I am inclined to agree with Profes- 
sor Dyche that the interests of sports- 
men "in modest circumstances" should 
be looked after as well as those of "per- 
sons of means," but the game officer 
should always remember the difference 
between a small- politician and a states- 
man. The first named may appeal to 
the men of small means because they 
are in the majority, but the last named 
will endeavor to lead the majority in 
the right direction. If it is right to 
breed desirable foods profitably on the 
farms, the game officer should not op- 
pose laws permitting such industry. If 
he does, sooner or later he will fare 
badly in an agricultural State. It fol- 
lows a fortiori that if the breeding 
of desirable foods in certain places 
throughout a State surely will result 
in the land owners getting something 
* out of the game ; in the people hav- 
ing a cheap and desirable food, and in 
the sportsmen of moderate means hav- 
ing better chicken, quail and duck 
shooting than they now enjoy, a states- 
man-like commissioner should favor 
laws permitting game breeding under 
regulations prescribed by the State de- 
partment, which easily can be made 
to prevent losses of the so-called State 
game in places where it is not looked 
after properly. 

Professor Dyche, the biologist, 
knows that we cannot add additional 
causes for destruction, the guns, for 
example, to the ordinary causes of de- 
struction, without upsetting Nature's 
balance, and that when the losses due 
to cats and dogs, the draining of 
marshes, the destruction of the natural 
foods and covers are considered, it is 
a self-evident proposition that the 
sportsmen of moderate means soon 
will have no shooting. The State offi- 
cer is required to undertake an impos- 
sibility. The prohibition of sport for 

periods of five and ten years after each 
severe winter is highly unsatisfactory 
to sport. When an open season is 
again declared the game must vanish, 
because Nature's balance is badly upset 
by the guns, provided no one looks 
after the birds and protects them from 
their natural enemies so as to make a 
place for the guns. Since Professoi- 
Dyche is perfectly familiar with these 
elementary natural laws he should 
favor legislation founded on them. 
Laws permitting the profitable breed- 
ing of game in Kansas are sure to be 
enacted as soon as the farmers un- 
derstand what such legislation may be 
made to do for them. Laws permit- 
ting game breeding should be followed 
by instructions from the State depart- 
ment telling the sportsmen and farmers 
how they can have more game. Since 
Professor Dyche is eminently qualified 
to give such instruction I believe it 
would be wise to long retain him in 
office and not. to turn the department 
over to a new political favorite every 
few years. 

The game law restrictions, which 
Professor Dyche refers to, are neces- 
sary, undoubtedly. They must be in- 
creased from year to year until sport 
is ended unless the laws be amended 
so as to encourage the production of 
game. Restrictive laws never can be 
expected to supply the people with a 
desirable food, which Kansas should 
produce abundantly and profitably. 
There is a demand for grouse at from 
$5 to $10 per pair. Quail now sell 
for from $20 to $25 per dozen. These 
birds can be bred on the farms cheaper 
than poultry is because in a wild state 
they find much of their food in the 
fields. They are tremendously prolific 
and when protected from their natural 
enemies they soon become so abundant 
that it is necessary to thin them out. 
An experimental grouse and quail farm 
in Kansas if placed in charge of skilled 
partridge and grouse game-keepers 
soon would produce big results and 
as I have often said, sport will not 
be damaged when there are big game 
farms in every county. If a part of 
the farms which are now posted 
against sport can be used for profitable 



gam© farms Kansas soon will become it is not a crime to produce desirable 

a bigc game producing State and all foods on the farms under resrulations 

of the people including sportsmen of governing the industry such as are pro- 

"moderate means" will profit by the vided for in Colorado and in several 

change. The laws should provide that other States. 


By Prof- L. L. Dyche. 

State Fish and Game Warden of Kansas 

In chapter 198 of the session laws of 
1911, the Kansas legislature passed 
what might be considered a new fish 
and game law for the^ State of Kansas. 
Many old sections were omitted, others 
were revised and many new sections 
with new provisions were added. So 
far as we have been able to learn, this 
fish and game law has been generally 
satisfactory to the mass of Kansas 
people. However, no State has suc- 
ceeded in making a fish and game law 
that is satisfactory to all its people. 
Topographical conditions and con- 
ditions of environment in different 
parts of the State make it difficult to 
frame a law that will apply with equal 
fairness to all its people. 

Many laws relating to fish and game 
have been ill-advised, due, in part, 
to the fact that they favor special lo- 
calities and special interests, and due 
largely to their disregard of biological 
knowledge. Any code of laws that can 
be agreed upon by the lawmakers of a 
State as large as Kansas must, of ne- 
cessity, be in the nature of a compro- 
mise ; they are experimental and must 
at times be revised and readjusted to 
meet the requirements of changing 

It is the intent and purpose of the 
law to protect certain kinds of wild 
life because this wild life is valuable to 
mankind. The wanton waste and de- 
struction that follows in the footsteps 
of the over zealous sportsman, the pot- 
hunter, the market hunter and the 
"game hog" has made deep and un- 
necessary inroads into the wild life 
centres of our State. It is the purpose 

of the fish and game laws, and the duty 
of those who enforce them to restrain 
the thoughtless and avaricious person 
who destroys valuable wild life with- 
out regard for its present value or fu- 
ture condition. Without such restaint 
manv valuable animals, birds and fishes 
would soon become rare and extinct. 

Persons of means can go to various 
parts of the country and to reputed 
pleasure resorts for their outings, but 
people in more moderate circumstances 
and the poor man must seek the joys 
of fishing and the pleasures of field 
sports either at home or some nearby 
place. It seems to me that the inter- 
ests and pleasures of the latter, who 
are vastly in the majority in our State, 
should ever be kept in mind when 
the fish and game laws are being made. 
Laws should not be made for the well- 
to-do sportsmen alone. We had this 
idea in mind when we made plans for 
the largest and best equipped pond fish 
hatchery in the country. We hope to 
be able, by stocking and restocking 
Kansas waters to produce a good sup- 
ply of fish in all the streams and ponds 
in the State ; in other words, to pro^ 
duce fish enough in Kansas waters so 
that fish will become a common article 
of food for Kansas people, and the 
pleasure of fishing be enjoyed by thou- 
sands at or near their homes. 

Add 50 cents to the cost of any pub- 
lication or book, and' we will send it 
with "The Game Breeder" for one 





By J. T. Holland. * 

Ex-Game Commissioner of Colorado. 

[Reprinted by Request] 

[This article was printed in the July issue of The Amateur Sportsman, and this 
number of the magazine soon went out of print. 

We hope all our readers will read this article by the State Game Officer of Colorado. If 
the people of Colorado can have game and fish to eat, why should not the people of other 
States enjoy this desirable food? Why should'not every State follow the lead of Colorado 
and have "more game" and fewer game laws? — Editor.] 

The subject of game preserves hav- 
ing been largely discussed throughout 
the game sections of the United States 
and in periodicals printed in this coun- 
try, it may not be amiss for the writer 
to express his opinion in regard thereto, 
and particularly as to the State of 
Colorado. In this State, as well as in 
other parts of the country, more criti- 
cism has been offered from time to time 
of the laws existing on our statute 
books permitting the formation and 
maintenance of what are known as 
"game preserves" than any other. A 
great deal has been said in regard to 
this matter and discussion is very fre- 
quently engaged in before the different 
committees of the legislature having 
this particular branch of the law in 
charge, and every time it is attempted 
to introduce a law, or an amendment 
which in any way bears upon this sub- 
ject, it seems to be the opinion of 
many people that game preserves are 
for the rich and for those who can af- 
ford to take the time and spend the 
money necessarily required in estab- 
lishing such an enterprise. A great 
many people who do not understand 
the conditions make the charge that 
the game preserve system permits a 
favored few to corner the game and 
fish, which necessarily belongs to the 
people of the State, and that the com- 
mon people do not receive the bene- 
fits that should be derived therefrom. 
They say, further, that the common 
people are robbed of what is theirs, 
and accordingly are discriminated 
against in a manner contrary to Ameri- 
can laws and institutions. 

There might be some merit in their 
contention if it were the people's prop- 
erty that were being taken by authority 
of law and placed in the hands of a 
few individuals, who would reap the 
benefit derived to the exclusion of the 
masses, but this is not the case in 
Colorado. To begin with, a person 
desiring to establish a game and fish 
preserve must necessarily secure his 
stock from some private source, or 
from some other State, and thus he is 
prevented from taking what belongs to, 
the people in the first instance. 

We have in Colorado a number of 
game preserves and also a number of 
licensed lakes, which are the same so 
far as the fish are concerned, as game 
preserves. Under our law if one de- 
sires to maintain a game preserve, or 
what is known as a licensed park, he 
must secure the animals, Avhich he de- 
sires to place in the park as a nucleus 
upon Avhich to build his preserve, and 
thus far the people have lost no rights 
of their own, nor have they any interest 
in the matter, except to place such rea- 
sonable regulations and restrictions 
upon such person so engaged as they 
shall deem best for the protection of 
their own game and fish. Under the 
law when a licensed park is once estab- 
lished by placing therein game taken 
from private sources the owner thereof 
is held to a strict accountability to the 
State for his actions in regard thereto. 

For instance, in the first place he 
must have his license for maintaining 
a game park, and if he holds anv game 
of an}' kind whatsoever without a 
license he is guilty of violating the 



law and subject to fine and imprison- 
ment. After he has secured his license 
he cannot sell game therefrom, or ship 
it to any other point until he has fur- 
nished the game and fish commissioner 
with an invoice showing the amount, 
kind and number of the game to be 
sold or shipped; the date taken and 
such other information as will help the 
commissioner in keeping track of the 
particular kind of game coming from a 
game preserve. This is true whether 
he sells the game or merely donates it 
to another, the object of the law be- 
ing that the game and fish authorities 
of the State may be given full and com- 
plete notice of what particular game is 
sold, so that game belonging to the 
people cannot be confused with that 
owned by private individuals. Under 
this system the people cannot lose any 
rights or suffer through their game be- 
ing taken and sold as the property of 
individuals owning game preserves. 

Experience has shown that it is far 
better to permit any legitimate traffic 
in game than to attempt to eliminate 
all sale and traffic and thus to compel 
persons, who are not in a position to 
take their game but insist upon having 
it, to assist the market hunter and the 
game hog in his unlawful depredations 
upon all varieties of game animals. 
Licensed lakes are controlled in prac- 
tically the same manner, all of which 
are listed with the game and fish com- 
missioner, and he is at all times ap- 
prised of what is going on in regard 
to sale, donations and the shipping of 
game and fish. 

In addition to the matters spoken of, 
the law provides as a compensation for 
its permission in allowing the main- 
taining of such parks and lakes that 
the owners thereof shall donate to the 
State at such times as the commissioner 
may make demand ten per cent, of 
the increase of the game or fish so 
held during any one calendar year. This 
constitutes one of the greatest benefits 
to the State so far as replenishing its 
supply of game and fish is concerned, 
without cost or inconvenience. The 
State merely for the privilege it has 
granted receives a fair per cent, of the 
increase in licensed parks and lakes. 

Of the many parks maintained in 
Colorado a few are ■ deserving of men- 
tion. Mr. Barrett Littlefield of Slater 
has for years maintained exclusively 
an elk park and has year after year 
been enabled to supply the markets 
of Denver, as well as other cities in this 
and other States, with the very best 
of elk meat, which is even better than 
that of the wild elk for the reason 
that the same scientific breeding of 
these animals is conducted by Mr. Lit- 
tlefield as is conducted by stock men 
of the State in raising cattle. 

Perhaps the largest deer preserve in 
the State is that of Glen Beulah Park 
Association near DeBeque, on what is 
known as the western slope of the 
Rocky Mountains, wherein are main- 
tained a good many hundred deer. This 
preserve covers a great many square 
miles of area and is the natural home 
of the deer. They are allowed to run 
in their native haunts. The members 
of this association are governed by 
rules regulating the taking of game, 
but each is allowed to take at the 
proper season of the year a reasonable 
amount of game for himself. 

This fact demonstrates another bene- 
fit of the preserve system, and that is, 
a single preserve alone will accommo- 
date a very great number of sportsmen 
of our State, who were it not for the 
game preserve would necessarily go 
out on the public range and take their 
share of the game belonging to the 
people at large. 

Another large preserve in the State 
is one maintained near Salido belong- 
ing to W. H. Pigg. In this preserve 
are maintained a large number of elk, 
deer, mountain sheep and antelope. Mr. 
Pigg does not maintain the park so 
much for the purpose of killing game 
as he does for the building up of large 
herds of each of these varieties, merely 
for his own satisfaction and for the 
pleasure it gives him in showing the 
sights within the preserve to visiting 
friends and travelers. Under his pres-. 
ent system with the success he has and 
the constant increase in his herds it 
will not be long until he will be in a 
position to supply a very large market 
or to make some other disposition of 


the increase of his game equally bene- the laws in respect to the manner in 

ficial to the people at large. which game and fish can be taken are 

Of the advantages of the system of so constructed as to prevent the un- 

^ame and fish preserves more can be limited slaughter of both game and fish 

said. Probably the greatest is one of that was possible before the present 

those already mentioned, that this sys- laws came into effect. If it were not 

tem more perhaps than anything else for our game preserves and licensed 

has tended to wipe out the market lakes, no one in the State could in any 

hunter of Colorado ; another advantage legal way obtain any kind of game 

is the taking of game in preserves by or fish for food purposes in his own 

owners thereof results in leaving very home during the closed season unless 

much of the game on the public range he were fortunate enough to be able 

for others, and the regulation of the to afford a hunting or fishing trip of 

selling and shipping of game, which is greater or less distance and duration 

permitted under the laws of our State, outside and possibly of importing into 

permits the people to have this desira- the State his own game and fish, 
ble food. It remains only to be said, I believe, however, that our law as 

in my opinion, the more and the larger to open season on ducks, geese and wa- 

the game preserves, the better. ter fowl could be amended to advan- 

Our game is fast disappearing, and tage. As it stands now the season is 

it is because, no one having an interest not only long, but it extends very late 

in the game belonging to the public into the spring of the year. This should 

exclusively, there is a tendency for be changed. The season should not 

every one to get all he can while it last longer than the first of March at 

lasts. If this could be changed and the outside. There are a number of 

the sentiment become general that the reasons for this : In the first place, 

only way our game can be preserved after having spent the winter, and 

and handed over to our posterity is while the birds are nesting and rearing 

through the individual efforts of all of their young, they certainly are not in 

the citizens of our State then game fit condition to take for food purposes, 

protection would not be the problem and in addition to this the geese and 

it is to-day. ducks, that we have in Colorado at any 

Colorado has rather stringent game rate, that frequent the lakes and 
laws at the present time so far as the streams in this State, live largely in 
open seasons are concerned; deer can the spring of the year upon fish caught 
be taken only from October 1st to 10th by them around the outer edges of the 
of each year, and one person is only water, where the fish come because the 
entitled to one deer with horns ; the water is warm, in consequence of this 
season on mountain sheep, antelope, a fishy taste is noticeable in eating 
elk and all varieties of quail and many these birds, and when it is present the 
other birds is closed for many years natural flavor is ruined, 
to come. Rather liberal seasons are I would advocate a national law gov- 
prescribed for ducks, geese and other erning the open season on all migratory 
water fowl, which can be taken from birds, and on ducks and geese in par- 
September 10th of each year to April ticular. It seems to me that a national 
loth of the followmg year; the open ja^ is essential in order to do justice 
season for trout (the only fish to gach of the States, as it cannot be 
for which a closed season is prescribed) expected that one State will pass laws 
IS from May 25th to November 30th prohibiting the killing of these birds 
thus allowing a very large portion of -.i • -^ 'i i i ■ i • j 
the vear in which fish can be taken. )^''.^'"" '^^ '^^'■^^'"■'^ ^^^;'.^,^ Pf'""' "' ''^' 

No game or fish which have been J"^""\^ ^^^^^^, ^^" kill them ; conse- 

taken from the public ranges or waters quently in order to be fair to all con- 

of the State, in other words, no game cerned a national 'aw should be passed 

or fish belonging to the people can fixing the open seasons so that the 

be sold under any circumstances, and States would all be on the same basis 



and each would have an equal show 
at the game. 

The consequence would be that there 
would be far better hunting all over 
the country, if the spring shooting was 
eliminated as hereinbefore suggested. 
The increase in a comparatively short 
time in this class of game would be 
most remarkable, and the condition of 
the birds so taken would be far su- 
perior to the condition found in the 

I have dealt largely with game for 
the reason that game is the more seri- 
ous problem; our fish can very easily 
be replenished to a large extent by 
artificial means, but when the game is 
gone it is gone forever, and we should 
attempt to replenish the source of sup- 
ply as we go along through the licensed 
lakes and game preserves. Colorado, 
like most of the other States, and the 
United States, has a large number of 
fish hatcheries which it operates very 
successfully and is thus enabled to 
stock its streams and public waters of 
the State with millions and millions of 
fish every year. It is for this reason 
that some of the best fishing grounds 
in the entire United States are to be 
found within the confines of Colorado. 

Fish raising and selling in Colorado 
has come to be a much larger industry 
than game raising and selling. We 
have in the State dozens and dozens 
of what are known as licensed lakes, 
which are conducted along the same 
lines as game preserves, and when 
properly conducted are very profitable 
to the owners. 

It is not difficult to procure from 
some one of the proprietors of these 
lakes the very best of the different 
varieties of trout, including the eastern 
brook trout, and native and rainbow 
trout at any season of the year. Many 
of the owners of these lakes are ship- 
ping fish constantly to the markets of 
our State and of other States, and still 
through the high degree of perfection 
which has been attained in fish culture 
the sum total of our fish in Colorado 
to-day in all probability is far greater 
than it was ten years ago. 

I fully agree with you that the game 
officer should remain in ofiice and not 
be subject to the political changes of 
the State and that his compensation 
should be made large enough to induce 
him to remain and to make it pos- 
sible for him to remain in office and 
serve the people. 


The tendency to have more game 
and fewer game laws in any state is 
evidenced by laws encouraging the 
profitable breeding* of game. Com- 
paring Connecticut, for example, with 
Colorado, we observe at once that the 
last-named state is a "more game" 
state, while Connecticut seems to be 
sadly behind the times. The Colorado 
markets are full of game and game fish. 
The people eat this desirable food. In 
Connecticut the sale of quail, ruffed 
grouse, Hungarian partridges and 
woodcock is prohibited throughout the 
year. The export of quail, ruffed 
grouse and woodcock is prohibited. 
Even the shooting of deer is prohibited. 
The people have ceased to know the 
taste of venison. The bag limit is so 

small that it would not pay anyone to 
look after the game. In Colorado, al- 
though the sale and export of wild 
game is prohibited, the laws permit the 
sale of game and game fish from li- 
censed parks and lakes at any time it 
is accompanied by an invoice. The 
bag, of course, is unlimited. The 
sportsman who has game may shoot 
when he chooses to do so. 

In California game may be sold un- 
der license. Pheasants reared in cap- 
tivity or imported from a foreign coun- 
try may be sold at any time under 

In Illinois, deer bred in captivity mav 
be sold Oct. 1 to Feby. 1 ; cock 
pheasants may be sold by breeders, 
Nov. 1 to Feby. 1. Doves ma}- be sold 



from the third day of the open season 
to the fifth day of the close season, and 
legally killed game imported from 
other states from Oct, 1 to Feby. 1. 

In Kansas game reared in captivity 
may be sold under permit. 

In Louisiana game reared in captiv- 
ity may be sold during the open season. 
Game raised in private preserves and 
properly tagged may also be exported. 
In Maine game raised in private pre- 
serves and maintained under permis- 
sion of commissioners, may be sold 
without restriction. 

In Massachusetts, quail and Hun- 
garian partridges raised in captivity 
may be sold for propagation ; deer and 
pheasants raised in captivity may be 
sold by any person. 

In Michigan game raised in captivity 
may be sold^alive within the state and 
under a $1.00 permit alive or dead 
without the state. 

In Missouri, deer and elk reared in 
captivity may be sold under regulation 
of commissioner. 

In New Jersey, a permit is required 
to deal in deer, pheasants, mallards and 
black ducks. 

In New Mexico, game raised in li- 
censed preserves may be sold. 

In New York, certain species of 
game raised in preserves and killed and 
tagged, may be sold under a $5 license. 

In North Dakota, domesticated game 
may be sold on written permission of 
game board of control. 

In Oklahoma, domesticated game 
animals and birds may be sold. 

In Oregon, live ring-necked pheas- 
ants and other birds, reared in captivity 
for breeding purposes, may be sold af- 
ter being pinioned. The attention of 
our readers is called to the law requir- 
ing the mutilation of birds. Oregon 
sportsmen should attend to this mat- 

In Pennsylvania, game birds used for 
propagating purposes may be sold at 
any time under authority of game com- 

In South Dakota, game birds raised 
in captivity may be sold under written 
permission of state game warden. 

In Vermont, game from private game 

preserves, stocked at owner's expense, 
may be sold at any time. 

In Washington, propagated game 
birds and animals may be sold for pro- 
pagation purposes at any time. 

In Wisconsin, domesticated deer, 
moose, elk, caribou and game birds may 
be sold under permit of state fish and 
game warden. 

In Wyoming, the sale of the natural 
increase of any big game, except 
moose, captured and held for propaga- 
tion, is permitted. It seems funny to 
be able to sell the calf and not the cow 
when both are owned by one person, 
but permission to sell the calf may be 
regarded as a distinct gain. 

The above outline of the new enact- 
ments permitting the sale of wild food 
is, for the most part, from a recent bul- 
letin of the 'U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture. It is absurd, of course, to re- 
quire the owners of game to rear it "in 
captivity." The game would be far 
better if reared in a wild state on the 
game farm or preserve. Diseases often 
come from confinement and the wild 
food should be produced under healthy 
conditions. The farmer is not required 
to rear all his potatoes and cabbages in 
greenhouses or other confined quarters ; 
he is not required to rear his cows, 
horses and sheep in confinement, and 
the owners of game soon will rear it in 
the fields, no doubt. There is an advan- 
tage to the neighborhood when game 
can "overflow" and the sportsmen ap- 
preciate this in the neighborhood of all 
well ordered game farms and preserves. 
Tlie"in confinement" nonsense must go. 
In New York, we believe, game is suf- 
ficiently "confined," provided there be 
a boundry of some kind about the game 
farm or preserve. It is not necessary 
to have a fence ; a road, stream or any 
boundary will do. We think it likely 
the courts would hold that this is suffi- 
cient for any game farmers Avho in good 
faith are rearing game on their prem- 
ises. They can not follow it if it es- 
capes, of course, because the ownership 
is a qualified ownership, and the game 
may return to its natural ferocity when 
it can not be identified, and it then be- 



conies a fair mark for those who may 
legally take it in the open season. 

It is gratifying to observe how wide- 
spread the more game movement now 
is. The advantage of being permitted 
to sell one's game is evident when we 
say the owner may take it in any quan- 
tity during a long open season, other- 
wise it would not pay to have it. He 

need not sell it if he does not wish to. 
The thousands of game birds reared 
this season undoubtedly will be eaten 
by their owners, or given away to 
friends. Some, no doubt, will be sold 
to help pay the cost of rearing. Next 
year the crop will be big; in all the more- 
game states. 


Raising Them for Their Fur Has Become a Profitable Industry. 

According to the annual report of the an additional important reason for the 

Biological Survey, recently submitted destruction of the animals, 
to Secretary Wilson, the rearing of fur- The bureau reports that the antelope 

bearing animals in the United States is in greater danger of extermination 

for their pelts continues to be a subject than any other kind of American big 

of much interest. Skunks, muskrats, game; that there is great need for a 

mink, and foxes are bred in captivity 
or on preserves. The large prices 
asked for mature black foxes for breed- 
ing purposes have resulted in confin- 

suitable preserve in the antelope 

The buffalo on the national bison ■ 
range have now increased to eighty- 

ing the industry in the hands of a very one, or forty-four more than the origi- 
few. Comparatively few attempts have nal number three years ago. 

been made to raise mink in the United 
States, but experiments are being con- 
ducted in co-operation with the Na- 
tional Zoological Park with a view to 
determining the most successful 
methods of rearing these animals. 

Muskrat farming has probably reached gulls, tern, and especially herons 
its highest point of development on New York Times. 

There are fifty-six bird reserva- 
tions, and additional inspectors and 
wardens have been appointed to care 
for them. 

Every effort has been made to stop 
the sale of plumage of certain birds, 

the eastern shore of Maryland. Musk- 
rat marshes are worth more, measured 
by their actual income, than cultivated 
farms of like acreage in the same neigh- 
borhood. Only one other animal in the 
world, the European rabbit, exceeds 
the muskrat in the number of skins 

This report also calls attention to 
experiments for the extermination of 
prairie dogs, ground squirrels, and 
gophers that are being conducted by 
means of poison baits, traps and other 




At a meeting of the West Virginia 
Fish and Game Protective Association, 
held December 5th, Hon. J. A. Viques- 
ney presiding, the following resolutions 
were adopted : 

1. We favor a more effective law re- 
lating to prevention and extinguish- 
ment of forest fires, and the appropria- 
tion of a sum especially for tlais pur- 

methods. Spotted-fever ticks in the pose. The present law, though crude, 
two younger stages live almost wholly has, through the efforts of the game 

upon small native rodents, and the Cali 
fornia ground squirrel has been in- 
fected with bubonic plague by fleas 
from rats. The danger that the dis- 
eases may become endemic furnishes 

warden's department, saved millions of 
dollars of property annually. 

2. We commend the efficient services 
of the present game warden's depart- 
ment and would like to see him receive 



greater pecuniary aid from the State 
in his highly important work. 

3. We favor a greater degree of care 
in the use of streams as sewers, and 
call attention to the fact that outside 
of any question of sport or beauty, the 
very health and lives of the people of 
the State are endangered bv the pollution 
of the streams. 

4. We favor the passage of a law and 
an appropriation to furnish farmers 
with eggs of quail and other desirable 
insectivorous birds for the propagation 
of the several useful species. 

5. We favor a resident hunter's 
license of at least $1 per annum, and 
call attention to the right to have the 
money so collected to be expended 
upon the preservation of the forests 
and streams, and the propagation and 
protection of game and fish. 

6. We call attention to the fact that 
the license taxes collected from hunters 
in the years 1909 and 1910 has never 
been appropriated to the purpose for 
which such funds are usually expended. 

7. We favor a limit to the number 
of fish that may be caught in a single 
day by a hook fisherman, not to ex- 
ceed 25 trout and 25 bass. 

8. We favor a law protecting the 
fish of the sucker variety, and all other 
fishes from the gig or spear. It dis- 
turbs the fish at night and gives the 
opportunity to slay other kinds. Be- 
sides the sucker is one of the most 
harmless, as well as one of the most 
useful, fishes of the waters of this 

9. We favor establishment of forest 

10. We commend the good work of 
the national fish hatchery in West Vir- 
ginia, and the work of the United 
States Fish Commission in this State. 

11. We acknowledge ourselves un- 
der many obligations to the good peo- 
ple of Fairmount for the royal enter- 
tainment afiforded the present meeting 
of this association. 

land city with a population of more 
than 6,000 and catch any number of 
large salmon of all varieties is some- 
thing that can be enjoyed right in this 
section of Washington. Puyallup is 
the city and if the run of salmon con- 
tinues she will also be prominent as a 
fishing centre as well as the hub of 

As "fishy" as the story sounds, it is 
nevertheless a fact, and should one care 
to venture to Puyallup in quest of the 
king of fish a well-filled string would 
be the result. The fish come from the 
Puyallup River through Clark's Creek 
and into "Big Ditch," which crosses 
Meridian street, the main thorough- 
fare of the valley metropolis. The run 
is so large that at times the water in 
places bubbles like an eddy. 

Persons in the vicinity of the stream 
have taken many a catch to their homes 
and there will undoubtedly be a slump 
in sales in the fish market as long as 
the run continues. The appearance of 
the salmon was discovered by Carl 
Hill, a city surveyor, who was making 
an investigation of the condition of 
the ditch. 

More Cats. 


To be able to stand on the sides of 
the principal business street of an in- 

I noticed a few months ago that in 
half a dozen reports of shipwrecks oc- 
curring in a comparatively brief period 
the newspapers, or some of them, in- 
variably told of the rescue of the ship's 
cat. One of the ship news reporters 
explained this when I asked him if all 
ships carried cats. 

"There was one of those wrecked 
ships that carried a cat," he said, "and 
the crew went back to save it. I made 
the cat the feature of my story, while 
the other ship news reporters failed 
to mention the cat and were called 
down by their city editors for being 
beaten. The next time there was a 
shipwreck there was no cat, but the 
other ship news reporters did not wish 
to take chances and put the cat in. I 
wrote a true report, leaving out the 
cat, and then I was called down for 
being beaten. Now when there is a 
shipwreck all of us always put in a 
cat."— The World. 



T^f Game Breeder 




10 Cents a Copy — $1.00 a year in Advance. 

Postage free to all subscribers in the United States. 
To All Foreign Countries and Canada, $1.25. 


Telephone, Beekman 8685. 


It is the fashion to begin the New- 
Year by making some good resolu- 
tions. The Game Conservation Society- 
has resolved that North America shall 
be the biggest game producing country 
in the world. 

The members of the society con- 
tribute to the circulation of "The Game 
Breeder" and we would advise them 
to make one important resolution for 
the new year: 

They should resolve to buy only 
from those who advertise in the maga- 
zine. If the contributing members, of 
the society will buy only from those 
who support the more game movement 
they will support a good cause as it 
should be supported. Hundreds of 
our readers will purchase game, and 
guns, and cartridges for the spring trap 
shooting and the autumn field shoot- 
ing. Most of the game clubs now have 
traps for clay bird shooting and they 
should remember to buy from their 




We learn that a bill encouraging 
game breeding will be introduced in 
the legislature in Connecticut and we 
hope and believe it will be enacted in 
time for game breeders to make a start 
next spring. 

Massachusetts, New York, New Jer- 
sey, Colorado and some other States 
now have game breeders' laws and we 

are assured Vermont will have a new 
and excellent law encouraging the prof- 
itable breeding of game before the as- 
sembly adjourns. 

Connecticut has much land which is 
not as productive as it should be and 
which can be made to yield a good 
crop of desirable food. Deer and many 
species of game birds will thrive in 
Connecticut and no good reason can be 
assigned why it should be a crime to 
profitably produce them. 

As we have said, often, criminal laws 
are intended to prevent wrong-doing. 
There should be rules of conduct pre* 
scribing the punishment of evil-doers. 
We wish to invite the attention of the 
lawmakers of Connecticut to the fact 
that it should not be a crime for land 
owners to profitably produce a desira- 
ble food on their lands or to rent them 
for such purpose. 

The familiar game protective stat- 
utes are well intended and there can be 
no objection to such laws providing 
for short open seasons, small bags, the 
prohibition of the sale and transport of 
the small remnant of game which oc- 
curs in Connecticut, as elsewhere, but 
such laws should exempt game breed- 
ers who are willing to produce desira- 
ble foods by industry. Existing laws 
have not made the game abundant and 
cheap in the markets as it should be. 

There must be a distinction between 
game produced by industry and the 
so-called State or wild game which has 
no owner and which is not properly 
looked after. The State game depart- 
ment can be made of great economic 
importance provided it be authorized to 
license game breeders and to encourage 
the industry of game breeding. As the 
department is conducted to-day it is a 
mere governmental side-show repre- 
senting sport alone. It does not repre- 
sent the interests of the farmers, the 
game dealers, the hotels and the peo- 
ple who should find game cheap in the 
markets during a long open season. 
A State department should represent 
all of the people. 

The only objection to laws encour- 
aging game breeding that we are aware 
of is advanced by those who claim to 



believe that if the production of game 
be made legal such action would re- 
sult in the extermination of our wild 
life. This is pure nonsense. There is 
not a naturalist in America who does 
not concede this. Is it logical to say- 
that if the profitable production of any 
species be encouraged under State 
regulations that such encouragement 
will result in the extirmination of 
game mammals and birds which have 
been made tremendously plentiful by 
the game breeders' industry — not only 
in densely populated countries, but also 
in many places in the United States 
where the industry is no longer crim- 

We invite the attention of the sen- 
ators and representatives of Connecti- 
cut to the article by the State game 
officer of Colorado and to the opinions 
of prominent sportsmen and natural- 
ists printed in this issue of "The Game 

When Charles Hallock, the dean of 
sportsmen ; Dr. Merriam, the distin- 
guished naturalist, and his successor 
as head of the United States Biological 
Survey, Dr. Hanshaw, and many 
statesman-like game officers say that 
game breeding should be encouraged, 
we believe there should be no trouble 
in securing laws providing that it no 
longer shall be a crime to profitably 
produce a desirable food. 

Legislation, creating absurd crimes 
does not appeal to the people and it is 
now well known that this sort of legis- 
lation not only is difficult of execution 
but that it prevents the production of 
desirable foods. 

The State game department is in- 
tended also to protect the song and 
insectivorous birds. On lands where 
game is properly looked after by game 
breeders these birds have become tre- 
mendously abundant because the prac- 
tical protection given to game benefits 
the non-sporting birds. On the farms 
of the Game Breeders' Association 
(licensed game breeders in New York) 
all song and insectivorous birds are 
absolutely safe from gunners, and we 
believe the Audubon societies are 
aware that game breeders' laws tend 

to save and increase the numbers of the 
birds they are interested in protecting. 
In a recent book issued by the National 
Association of Audubon Societies the 
protection of non-game birds on the 
lines adopted by practical game pre- 
serves is advocated. 


Bass Fishing. 

"Smith the other day went fishing. 
He caught nothing; so, on the way 
back home he telephoned to his pro- 
vision dealer to send a dozen bass 
round to his house. 

"He got home late himself. His wife 
said to him on his arrival : 

"'Well, what luck?' 

" 'Why, splendid luck, of course,' he 
replied. 'Didn't the boy bring that 
dozen bass I gave him?' 

"Mrs. Smith started. Then she 

" 'Well, yes, I suppose he did,' she 
said. 'There they are.' 

"And she showed poor Smith a dozen 
bottles of ale."— The World. 

Outdid Father. 

There's a new Bryan story going the 
rounds. It seems that the great com- 
moner's daughter, after a desperate run 
in pursuit of a street car, at length 
managed to catch up with it and get 
aboard. Falling exhausted into the 
nearest seat, she gasped: "Well, I'm 
glad one of the family can run for 
something and get it." 

Jack Rabbits Overrun City. 
Fargo is overrun with jack rabbits. 
So numerous have the animals become 
that they are seen frequently on the 
principal business streets. They are 
encountered in all parts of the resi- 
dence district after nightfall and the 
police have had some trouble with per- 
sons who are unable to resist the temp- 
tation to shoot them within the city 



The object of The Game Breeder is 
to make North America the biggest 
game producing country in the world. 



Send for Free Booklet Descriptive of 


An Enthusing, Fascinating, Invigorating Recreation 

THIS booklet describes Trapshooting in a manner to hold the reader's attention, arouse his 
enthusiasm for outdoor sport and create a desire to actively participate in 


and share in the pleasures and rewards awaiting its devotees. 

Trapshooting is enjoyed by countless thousands. They find it the most effective means 
for the acquirement of expertness with their shotgun. It is always " open season" at the traps. 
Why not become a trapshooter and use your idle shotgun frequently and profitably? 

Ask for "Sport AUuring" Booklet No. 354. 

E. L du Pont de Nemours Powder Co. 

America's Pioneer 
Powder Makers, 

Wilmington, DeL 

(Continued from page 104) 

fore referred to without taking advan- 
tage of any technicality whatsoever, 
and did not put my clients to the bur- 
den of an appeal from the justice's 
decision before whom they were taken. 

In view of the above I am satisfied 
that if any person who is arrested for 
the violation of any game laws in this 
State, as were my clients, would have 
their attorney, if they have one, take 
the matter up immediately with the 
fish and game commissioners before the 
penalty that may be imposed is remit- 
ted by the justice imposing the same 
to the State treasurer, I am sure that 
he will be given the prompt and courte- 
ous treatment that is uniformly extend- 
ed to every one. 

I am further convinced of this by 
reason of the fact that I know of simi- 
lar cases where prosecution was imme- 
diately dropped upon the facts being 
presented to the board, and the com- 

mission of the deputy warden making 
the arrest was revoked. 

Yours very truly, > 

Peter H. James. 


Silas Rich, a pheasant breeder of 
Salem, Oregon, whose advertisement 
appears regularly in "The Game 
Breeder," has issued a handsome calen- 
dar. A cock and hen pheasant in color 
are hung against a dark green panel 
with a spray of pine above. The or- 
iginal picture is by the talented artist, 
Alexander Pope, of Boston, and the re- 
production is well worth framing. 

Our clubbing offer is the same for every 
magazine or book published. Add 50 cents "" 
to the cost of any publication, and we will 
send it with " The Game Breeder" for one 
year. By dealing with the Conservation 
Society you help the "more game" move- 





[We reprint some of the opinions of sportsmen and naturalists who read "The Game 
Breeder" in order that those who have undertaken to secure the much needed legislation en- 
couraging the increase of our North American game in all the States and provinces may 
have them for handy reference. — Editor.] 

Mr. Charles Hallock, dean of American 
Sportsmen and author of the Code of Uni- 
form Game Laws, says: "I hope the good 
work you have begun may be perfected. I 
am heartily writh your reform movement. Its 
objects have been my study and pursuit for 
forty years. . . . Individual handling and 
conservation of game is to be encouraged." 

In another letter on the subject he said: 
"Truly we need a revolution of thought and a 
revival of common sense," and intimated that 
we must contend against game politics. 

Mr. Wm. B. Mershon, one of the most 
prominent sportsmen of Michigan, wrote : 
"Certainly private enterprise must be depended 
upon to protect and propagate our wild na- 
tive game." 

Wm. T. Hornaday : In view of the appalling 
decrease of wild game everywhere, and the 
many difficulties attending the rearing of game 
birds and mammals in preserves, I do not see 
how any sportsman or naturalist can find 
fault with your declared objects. It sounds 
almost ridiculous to say that I wish you un- 
bounded success for I do not see how any 
American citizen can wish you anything less 
than that. 

In the Zoological Society bulletin, June, 
1909, Dr. Hornaday said: We believe that 
every owner of a private game preserve is 
entitled to the right to kill the game that he 
owns and maintains, whenever he pleases pro- 
vided such killing does not interfere with the 
execution of laws for the protection of game 
and other wild life outside of private pre- 
serves. We believe this is not only good law 
but also good common sense. . . . The 
situation is absurd, and therefore can not long 

Prof. L. H. Bailey, director of the State 
College of Agriculture, Cornell University, 
N. Y., said: Looking at the subject from the 
outside, it has appealed to me for years that 
the most unsatisfactory, chaotic and uncorre- 
lated of all laws relating to the open country 
are those that have to do with game. I have 
been more or less in touch with our own 
State legislature on other business for some 
years, and I have always been impressed with 
the inadequacy of the kind of game legisla- 
tion that is nearly always on foot. If you 
can bring some system out of the game law 
matter you will render a great service. The 
sportsman is ordinarily set over against the 
farmer. The two are really antagonistic. I 
think the only real solution is in some way 
to bring about a community of interests be- 
tween the two, or at least to eliminate the 
antagonism. In other words, I think that the 

farming interests must be distinctly consulted 
in the game laws, if we are to have game 
laws that will serve the interests of the 
people, and which will stand the test of a 
reasonable length of time. ... I am sure 
that your fundamental idea that the farming 
interests should be considered in game pro- 
tection laws is sound. 

Harry V. Radford, the distinguished sports- 
man and explorer, said : I was once a,s 
strong an advocate of repression, limitation, 
non-sale and other bugaboos as any, but your 
revolutionary papers on game preservation in 
the Independent completely converted me to 
your theories and views. I am with you heart- 
ily in your new and splendid campaign, having 
for its object the upbuilding of sportsmanship 
and the cultivation of good shooting and 
marksmanship, rather than their total aban- 
donment, into which the present system (or 
lack of it) is rapidly leading us. I wish you 
great success. 

In another letter Radford said he was op- 
posed to the "potting of vacationists from 
sister States." 

Mr. G. O. Shields, editor of Shields' Maga- 
zine, wrote : "Generally speaking, I am in 
favor of anything and everything that can in 
any way prolong the life of the few species 
of game birds and wild animals remaining in 
this country. The time will come, and that 
within a few years, when the only game to be 
found in the United States will be on public 
and private preserves with possibly some over- 
flow. Sb' I am always glad to hear of indi- 
viduals or clubs creating game preserves. 
Your scheme is good in many respects." 

Mr. Charles J. Vert, Plattsburg, N. Y., 
wrote : Permit me to express my hearty 
appreciation of the advanced position taken by 
The Amateur Sportsman as expressed in the 
current number touching the sale of fish and 
game from private ponds and preserves. The 
attitude there taken must and will find an 
effective expression in an altered statute. En- 
lightened public opinion will demand it : in- 
deed, it is always demanding it. When public 
weal and private advantage combine in calling 
for a change, imaginary difficulties will not 
long be permitted to block the wheels of 
progress. (Amateur Sportsman, Mch., 1909.) 

Mr. Henry H. Fuller, of Boston, Mass., 
wrote : "In the February number of the 
Amateur Sportsman is an article under the 
title, 'The Breeders' Association,' which should 
be in the hands of every legislative committee 
on fisheries and game. The Massachusetts 
Legislature this year have before them the 
usual grist of bills, most of which approach 
the question of game preservation from the 




"The subject is the development of a new crop — a flesh crop which has especial 
timeliness in view of the general exhaustion of our food supply. Mr. Huntington dis- 
cusses in the most practical manner the restoration of this crop of feathered game, 
and from the standpoint both of the sportsman and the market gunner, wild ducks, 
it seems, can be raised as easily and cheaply as domesticated ducks, and with 
equally excellent financial results. The way to do this is described with estimates 
of cost and citation of experience abroad, where the deficiency of food supply has 
led to the discovery and elaboration of many remedies to which we have not yet 
been forced. Mr. Huntington's book is illustrated with photographs, interesting 
alike to naturalists and breeders." I 


"'Our Wild Fowl and Waders' is obviously an able, comprehensive and very 
interesting treatise on a subject which has hitherto received but little attention from 
writers, especially in America, and concerning which naturalists, as well as sports- 
men, will, I am sure, be glad to be thus credibly and pleasingly informed." 


" Mr.- Huntington has given to the American people an admirable treatise on the 
practical methods of making these splendid and desirable birds profitably plentiful. 
Ponds, streams and waste lands which do not pay the meagre taxes upon them can 
be utilized and be made to yield both handsome profits and good sport. This 
American authority on wild game tells the farmers and land owners of this country 
how to do it." 


" The wild fowl book is valuable, clearsighted and scholastic. It is a direct 
appeal to sportsmen of common sense and generous behavior, and they will readily 
absorb its comprehensive pages and act accordingly— and live thereby." 


" I have enjoyed the treat in my reading of this book from frontispiece to finis, 
and I wager anybody else will enjoy it. . . , The author has placed every sports- 
man, every naturalist and a great many other citizens of other callings squarely under 
obligations to him. The book is a direct and logical argument setting forth the 
means for the preservation in the future of our wild fowl and waders. . . . The 
illustrations are judiciously selected, interesting and materially add to the value of 
the volume." 


" This is not only a readable book, but it is important in an economic sense, and 
it will especially appeal to all who are interested in the conservation of wild life, and 
especially our game birds." 


" If the advice of Dwight W. Huntington, pioneer and apostle of the movement 
in this country for a rational game protection and conservation, be acted upon, the 
time is coming speedily when game will be as cheap as beef or mutton. At present, 
after fifty years of legal protection, we have no game to amount to anything save in 
the more remote sections. . . . The book is not only instructive in an economic 
sense, showing how to make wild duck preserves safe and attractive, how to get 
stock and eggs and the food required, but is delightful reading for all. The author 
of ' Our Wild Fowl and Waders' is doing a great public service in his campaign 
for more game." l 

Our Wild Fowl and Waders will be sent to any address in the United States 
or Canada with The Game Breeder for one year upon receipt of $2.00. 



In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game. 




Large Northern White Tailed Deer and 

Elk for Stocking Parks and 

Game Preserves 

Last year I sold everything 
which I wished to part with and 
advance orders are now coming 
in for Deer and Elk. I can also 
supply some species of Game 

Write for list and prices 




wrong end as Mr. Huntington has convinc- 
ingly emphasized." 

Hon. J. W. Metcalf, Chief Fish and Game 
Commissioner, Carbon County, Utah, wrote : 
"There is more game killed by vermin, the 
natural enemies of game, than there is by 
hunters, and I think 3^our idea of paying 
someone to keep down vermin has just hit 
the mark." 

Mr. G. W. Tyson, Jr., of South Strafford, 
Vermont, wrote: "Since our meeting at 
Montpelier I have done a lot of thinking 
along the lines of your suggestions. I am 
convinced that should the money and gray 
matter expended in making most of our game 
laws be directed toward bettering the natural 
conditions, the results must be better. The 
land owner and farmer must be interested 
and not run over. One of my neighbors shot 
twenty-six foxes last winter and several 
others in the vicinity did nearly as well. 
Foxes are as plenty as ever and turkey raising 
on account of them is almost impossible." 

Chas. A. Paul, Norwalk, Ohio, wrote to the 
publishers: I desire to congratulate you on 
securing Mr. Huntington as editor. I believe 
his ideas on game protection are the only 
correct ones and that his articles will be the 
greatest blessing for the game cause ever pro- 

Dr. G. W. Field, Chairman Massachusetts 
Com. on Fisheries and Game, wrote : I am 
very much interested in the work you are 
carrying on. 

Dr. W. S. Harban, Washington, D. C, 
wrote : "I am greatly interested in your 

Mr. G. S. Baker, Providence, R. I., wrote: 
We have been working on the lines you pro- 
pose in your magazine, and I think that is 
the only way the average business man will 
ever get any nearby shotting. 

H. H. Holt, Houston, Texas, wrote: "You 
are working along a new line and I am 
pleased to see it. I still cherish the hope that 
some day I can add to my small farm and 
assist in increasing the game." 

Robert Page Lincoln, Minneapolis, Minn., 
wrote: "Your efforts along the line which 
it is your intention to follow siiould most as- 
suredly be appreciated by the majority, and 
it is sincerely hoped that you will meet with 

J. A. Miles, Charleston, S. C, wrote: "I 
have long thought that we have had too much 
law and too little protection, and I hope the 
day is near at hand when game will be plenti- 
ful again." 

M. H. Hoover, Lockport, N. Y., wrote: 
"The cause you advocate .seems to be all 

C. Perry Marks, New York, wrote: "[ am 
greatly interested in your movement to pro- 
tect the wild fowl and other game. It cer- 
tainly gives encouragement to your readers." 

Jos. T. Bailey, Philadelphia, wrote: "Your 
articles are most excellent and any man who 
has brains ought t" be able to see the justice 




Wholesale Dealers in GAME 

We are in the market to purchase from Preservers, 
Game that can be legally sold in New York. If 
you have Game to offer, communicate with our 
main office, 

1 0th Avenue and 1 3th Street, New York 

of your arguments and the necessity for 
adopting the plans you advocate." 

Mr. Jasper B. White, North Carolina, wrote : 
"I like the magazine. Its articles have the 
true ring." 

Arthur L. Johnson, Galesburg, 111., wrote: 
""I am interested in this 'more game' idea. 
I know the time has come when something 
must be done and done P. D. Q." 

Ira Marshall, Iowa, wrote: "I am Confident 
your plan is going to work." 

Dr. Heber Bishop, Boston, Mass., wrote: 
"I have noted what a lot of good you are 
accomplishing, not only among sportsmen but 
among the 'dear people,' as our friend 'John 
D.' would call them." 

W. S. Saunders, Pecatonica, 111., wrote: "I 
believe the wild game on our farms should 
te a part of the farm the same as domestic 
stock. It would then be more to the interest 
)of the landlord or tenant to protect and care 
ior wild game. If something is not done to 
that effect the prairie hen and partridge will 
become extinct. The laws to-day are exter- 
minating instead of protecting game." 

Duncan Dunn, New Jersey, wrote : "I am 
much interested in Mr. Huntington's articles 
on game. I think we need just such men as 
he to make the game boom in this country, 
for there is nothing does away with the game 
more than the vermin." 

Richard Clapham, Ontario, Canada, wrote: 
■"You have told the public out here how to 
preserve their game correctly. ... I am 
sick of the sight of gameless land and of 
people who grow sentimental over past multi- 
tudes, but do nothing to increase what little 
there is left." 

L. J. Clark, Winona, Minn., wrote: "Right 
you are about selling game." 

Prof. C. F. Hodge, Worcester, Mass., 
wrote : "I am much pleased with your 
magazine and like your point of view." 

R. S. Parks, Hollywood, Ala., wrote: "I 
am inclined to think you are contending for 
a great basic principle which will ultimately 
"win on its merits." 

Wenz & Mackensen, Yardley, Pa., wrote: 
"Under present conditions it is practically im- 
possible to furnish any American game birds 
and animals for stacking purposes. What can 
be done in the matter?" 

J. Thompson Brown, Richmond, Va., wrote: 
"Your position as to propagation vs. game 
laws is most heartily endorsed." 

W. H. Means, M. D., Percy, Pa., wrote: 
"I like your paper much and hope it will con- 
tinue in the same way for 'more game'." 

A. A. Hill, New York, wrote: "That idea 
of yours so well expressed that the farms 
should not be made public play grounds for 
trespassers will find a responsive chord in 
the hearts of others besides those who are the 
victims of this system." 

Prof. W. B. Bell, Agricultural College, 
N. D., wrote : "I am much interested in the 
attempt to secure united action on the part 
of all farmers, sportsmen and others interested 
in game protection." 

C. L. Fee, Pennsylvania, wrote: "The pop- 
ulace is against legislation for a class, who, 
when they pay a $1.00 license feel entitled to 
kill a farmer's entire band of sheep and 
calves, chickens, turkeys or anything that 
comes their way — all for $1.00." 

Arthur Lutz, Hoboken, N. J., wrote : "You 
are certainly right and all true sportsmen 
will wish you success and hope that ere long 
we mav have a chance to get a day's shoot- 
ing without taking chances of fine or jail for 
unintentionally breaking one of the many con- 
fusing laws. Common sense, generally, wins 
out and so you are bound to succeed in the 

Dr. C. Hart Merriam, chief of the Bureau 
of Biological Survey, U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, wrote: "Replying to your letter 
of the 19th inst., I would state that the words 
'artificial propagation' in my last letter were 
used loosely and without the significance 
which you say is sometimes put upon this ex- 
pression. I merely intended to refer to wild 
game raised on private lands in contradistinc- 
tion to wild game at large. I am heartily 
in favor of laws permitting any one to raise 



deer, elk, grouse, quail or any other kind of 
game on private land for profit, just as cattle, 
sheep and domestic poultry are now raised 
for profit. Furthermore, I believe the indus- 
try of raising game for food is worthy of 
development by our people, to whom it should 
yield an important i'ncome. It is an industry 
which can be carriec^ on by persons of small 
means, and may be made to utihze much land 
which is now either; wholly waste land, or 
of very little value. By licensing farms used 
for breeding game, and by tagging the product 
under supervision of the game warden, I do 
not see how any valid objection to the in- 
dustry can be raised." 

T. M. JMooney, Bridgeport, 111., wrote : "I 
am favorably impressed with your new idea on 
'more game' and 'rnore shooting;' prash it 
along. Something certainly ought to be done 
in the premises." . 

Edmund Clark, West Medford, Mass., 
wfote : ""We must resort to the propagation 
of game and systematic game protection. To 
make this successful it must be made popular 
To popularize it among the owners of woods 
and farms there is needed a stimulus. The 
stimulus is remuneration." 

J. R. B. Van Cleave, Springfield, 111., wrote : 
"I am greatly in favor of your campaign for 
'more game.' " 


The Winchesters have issued an at- 
tractive calendar in color, which is here 
reproduced. The picture is very well 
drawn and the color work is excellent. 
We understand the little gun shown in 
the picture has been a great success, 
and that \Mnchesters find it difficult to 
keep up with the orders for it. 

^^^:u"i "hi 







2 3 4 
9 10 11 
16 17 18 

^ 23 24 25 

30 3liH:'l:^ 

5 6 

12 13 14 
19 20 21 

26 27 28 

'Guns for All Kinds of Shooting- and 
Cartridges for Ali Kinds of Guns 

Game Birds for Propagation 

Bobwhite Quail, Wild Ducks, Pheasants, Wild Geese, 
Swans, Grouse, Guinea Fowl and Pea Fowl. 

Wild Turkeys from the Ozark Mountains. Ornamental live wild birds for scientific and show 

aviaries supplied upon application. 

Write for prices before ordering. Now is the time to order live game 
for breeding next season. Prices advance as the breeding season ap- 
proaches, and last year they were doubled and many failed to get stock. 

W. A. LUCAS, 87 Thomas Street, NEW YORK 

Reference: Seaboard National Bank and any reputable Menantile Agency. 

In writing to advertisers ple«se mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: ' Yours (of More Game." 




We carry the largest stock in America of ornamental birds and animals. Our ponds now contain nearly 200 best 
Royal Swans of IQnerland. We have fine lot of the beautiful pink FLAMINGOES and the very large European 
PELICANS. Also STORKS. CRANES, PEAFOWL, fancy GEESE and DUCKS. Our pheasant pens contain over 
a thousand Ringneckand fancy PHEASANTS. All stock is kept under practically natural conditions. We have fiO acres 
of land entirely devoted to our business. Can also promptly furnish BUFFALOES, DEER, LLAMAS, RABBITS, etc. 

During the season October to May, we furnish the Celebrated 

Hungarian Partridges and Ringneck Pheasants 

in large quantities. Orders booked during summer. 

We have for years filled practically all the large State Orders for these birds and 
have better facilities for handling large orders than any other firm. 

Write us before buying elsewhere — it will pay you to do so. Your visit solicited. 
We are only 60 miles from New York and 30 miles from Philadelphia. 

WM. J. MACKENSEN, Successor to 

WENZ & MACKENSEN, Naturalists 

Department V. 


Wild Water Fowl 

"Our Specialties.** 

Wood Ducks, Mandarins, Wild Black Mal- 
lards for stocking game preserves, etc. 
Safe delivery guaranteed. $3.50 per pair. 
500 Canada Wild Geese, $8.00 to $10.00 per 
pair. Australian, South American. Car- 
olina Swans. 200 trained English Decoy 
Ducks, guaranteed Callers and Breeders, 
$4.00 per pair. Eggs, 15 for $2.00. Mal- 
lards must be Ijought in the Fall to secure 
them. For prices of other wild fowl apply 


Chincoteague Island, Virginia 

In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 




Largest Breeder of Wild Turkeys in the World 


Eggs $1.00 Each 

Supplying Game Preserves and Zoological Gardens a Specially 

Celery and 

Attract water fowl. Plant in your pre- 
serve. Orders for seed now booked for 
Fall shipment. 

Write for circular and prices. Most reasonable. 

CLYDE B. TERRELL, Oshkosh, Wis. R.f.D.5. 



Six dozen Coots — good breeders — $1.50 per 
pair, in lots of 2 or more pair. Also 11 Snow 
Geese ; 6 white fronts and 1 pair of Hutchins 
Geese. All the above will be sold at low 



Breeder and Dealer in all kinds of Wild and Domestic 
Animals for Propagating and Scientific Purposes. 


Are you satisfied with 60 to 70 quail a day ? 
Then come to Cheraw. Write now and secure 
accommodations for the fall. 

I will guarantee a week's shooting that will 
give you something to think about during the 
long winter evenings. 

Through express trains from New York via 
the Atlantic Coast Line. 

BRYAN F. ROBESON, Cberaw, South Carolina 


Ralph Bisbee, Ripogenus Lake, Kokadjo, Maine. 

Telegrams to Greenville, Maine, 

will be forwarded by telephone. Home 
camps and back camps cover large terri- 
tory. Trout, Togue, Land-Locked Salmon 
Deer, Moose, Bear, Partridges (Ruffed 
Grouse), Ducks. 




Thoroughly trained. Preparing 
your Shooting dog or developing 
your Field Trial dogs a Specialty. 
Avoid risk and expense of sending 
your dog South. 

Plenty of quail on Long Island. 

Unusual facilities for training over private 


Post Office : MOUNT SINAI. 

In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letter;!: "Yours (or More Game." 





"Wants, For Sale and Exchange 

Announcements inserted under this head in small type 
for 2c. per word. If displayed in heavy type, 5c. per 
word. No advertisement accepted for less than 30c. 
Postage stamps accepted in paym«nt. 


150 Nasaaa Street, New Tork City 

The following dealers in live game we believe to be 
thoroughly reliable. IJ any reader has reason to be dis- 
satisjied with the result 0/ dealing with an advertiser, 
the publishers will, upon a complaint being made, refer 
the controversy to the Game Guild. If the Guild decides 
against the advertiser he will not be permitted to advertise 
in The Game Breeder. 

We require good faith and fair dealings. 


WARREN R. LEACH, Rushville, Illinois. 

JOHN BEESON. West Sussex Game Farm, Warnham. 
Horsham, Sussex, England. See display advertisement 
in this issue. 

PHEASANTS— The Silas Rich Pheasanty, Salem.Oregon' 
See display advertisement. 

other animals, bee display advertisement in this issue. 
WENZ & MACKENSEN, Proprietors Pennsylvania 
Pheasantry and Game Park. 

species of game. W A. LUCAS, 87 Thomas Street, 
New Vork. See display adveitisement in this issue. 

play advertisement in this issue. WHEALTON WILD 
WATER-HOWL FARMS, Chincoteague Island, Va. 

Wild turkeys — For prices see display advertisement 
in this issue. R. L. BLANTON, Richmond, Virginia. 

WANTED — Bobwhite Quail. State prce per dozen and 
per hundred, guaranteed live delivery in Connecticut. 
Nassau St., New York. 

gentleman in wantof two practical English gamekeepers? 
Could rear a large head of pheasants and manage a game 
and poultry farm if required, breeding and training sport- 
ing dogs, fishing, good shots and trappers. Both strong 
and heahhy men of excellent character. Address Box ^q, 
FIELD .VEWSPAPER, Windsor House, Breams Build- 
ings, London, England. 

stocking preserves. Liberal discount on orders booked 
for the Fall delivery. Safe arrival guaranteed. THE 

Food. Attracts waterfowl. Plant it in your preserve. 
Seed #7.50 per bushel. Orders now booked for fall ship- 
ment. Write for circular. CLYDE B. TERRELL, 
Oshkosh, Wis., Route 5. 

GOOD DUCK SHOOTING— Red-heads, Blue-bills, Mal- 
lards Wild Getse, etcon theirgreatest feeding grounds 
in Chincoteague Bay. Hunting lodge at edge of grounds, 
no cold trips to and from hotels. Board, lodging, guide's 
services at the lodge, $5 per day for everything— no ex- 
tras. Six hours from Phil«delphia. eight hours from New 
York. Apply to FRANK DERRICKSON, Chincoteague, 

WANTED-Situation as GAME KEEPER. 10 years'^ 
experience in England. Moderate wages to start. 
Now rearing poultry but wish to get a place on a game 
preserve. Address C. D. G., care of THE GAME 
BREEDER, 150 Nassau St., New York. 

WANTED— Place as SECOND KEEPER, to assist in 
rearing Pheasants and Ducks. Wages moderate. 
E. D. J., care THE GAME BREEDER, 150 Nassau 
St., New York. 

lard Ducks, $3.00 pair ; Pearl Guineas, $2. so pair ; also 
Exhibition Barred Rocks. GLEN PALMER, Yorkville, 

MOOSE HEAD FOR SALE. Twelve points, 36H inch 
spread. In perfect condition. Worth $76, sell 150. f. o. b. 
Melrose, strongly crated. Picture 5c. FRED. S. BERRY, 
396 Main St., Melrose. Mass. 

KEEPER, life experience in all duties of rearing Pheas- 
ants, Partridges, Wild Duck; also well up in breaking 
Sporting Dogt and trapping; have lived where large Dead 
of game ha* been raised. Can show 3 years' reference last 
place; 7 previous; tall, age 39. married, young son able to 
assist. R. S. BRANT, Milton Heights, Ont.. Canada. 

other duck food. Success certain. Bay bird shooting 
August. September and October. Like it was thirty years 
ago at Cape Cod and Long Island. Ducks, geese and 
swan shooting in season. AH kinds winged wild fowl. 
R. B. WHITE, Waterlily, Currituck County, N. C. 

the rare Impevan and other fancy species ; also ring- 
necks Write for illustrated booklet. H. W. MYERS, 
Tacoma, Wash. 

HOUNDS. Fox, deer cat and lion hounds. Trained 
and young stock. 50-page illustrated catalogue 5-cent 
slamp. ROOKWOuD KENNELS, Lexington, Ky. 

Life experience on large estates in rearing game, dog 
breaking, and all work connected with shootings. Would 
like to travel with sporting gentleman if required. Good 
loader. Age 26, height 6 ff. Good character. Apply 
J. JUNES, Glanmonnow, Garway, Hereford, England. 


Virginia or IVIichigan Deer 



The West Sussex Game farm 


Established 1866 

The proprietor of this old established business 
has for immediate disposal 3,000 full winged 
adult pheasants, also a large number of poults 
for delivery in September. 

JOHN BEESON, Proprietor 

In writing to advertisers please mention The Game Breeder or sign your letters: "Yours for More Game." 

j j='f===T T i r ==ii =^1 II II lf= 1 1=7 


The Game Breeder 

Mail $1.00 

To The Game Breeder, 150 Nassau St., New York, N. Y. 


Send a Post Card 

To The Game Breeder, 150 Nassau St., New York, N. Y. 


The Game Breeder, ISO Nassau St., New York. 

Please enter my name as a subscriber to The Game 

Breeder for one year beginning with the 

number. ($1.00 per year.) 



Write Address 

Very Plainly bounty : 


The April Number is No. 1. If you wish to begin with the first 
number, insert April in the above blank. 

a i 1 1= i r= ii-J =11 =1 1 II ir==i f= 


Self-Loading Shotgun 


Since its introduction, sportsmen have subjected 
this gun to almost every conceivable test. In no 
fair trial has it failed to stand up or prove its 
supremacy. Its Nickel Steel construction gives 
strength to shoot maximum loads with safety, 
and its reloading system the ability to handle the 
lightest or heaviest loads without tinkering the 
action. In this gun the "kick" is minimized to 
the last degree. It has other distinctive features 
to recommend it, as an inspection w^ill show. 

Look one over at your dealer's, or send to 
the Winchester Repeating Arms Co., New 
Haven, Conn,, for descriptive circular.